Plumeria, commonly called frangipani, is a deciduous shrub or small tree native to Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. However, they can be grown in tropical and sub-tropical regions, and in zones 10-12.
These small trees can grow between 12 and 15 feet high, and their trunks can grow just as wide. As they mature, they can develop a vase-like form with gnarled branches, long leaves, and distinctive flowers.
Plumeria is most known for its sweet-smelling flowers that form a pinwheel-shape. They start budding in early summer and carry-on blooming through late fall.
These fragrant and showy blooms can make a bold statement in any garden and if you want to have more of them, there’s a couple of propagation techniques that you can use.
Today, we’ll be talking about how you can grow new plumeria plants from an existing one through seeds and through cuttings. Let’s get started!
You might also like this: Using Flowers As Natural Pest Control In The Garden
Propagation Through Cuttings
Propagating plumeria from cuttings is a straightforward process. The best time to take cuttings from mature plants is in the spring and summer during its active growing season.
Find a healthy branch with a brown or grayish surface that’s about 12 to 18 inches long. Using a sharp knife that’s been disinfected with rubbing alcohol or 10% bleach solution, sever the branch from the mother plant. Make sure to cut it flush to the base and you have a straight, clean cut.
You can dip the cut end into powdered sulfur to prevent fungi from developing and to stop the sap from leaking out. Remove all flower, flower bud stalks, and most of its leaves, leaving just a couple at the tip of the cutting. This will encourage it to divert its energy into making new roots.
It’s important to allow your cuttings to form a callus first before rooting. So, wrap the cut end in plastic wrap and leave it for two weeks.
After a couple of weeks, you can plant your cuttings into a pot for rooting. Fill a one-gallon nursery pot with perlite. Insert a cutting 1 ½ inches to 2 inches deep. You can set a stake next to it to keep it anchored in place. Water the potting soil and place it in a warm spot with plenty of light and good airflow. Do not water it again during the rooting period.
In 45 days, new leaves will start to appear, and you can replant your cuttings. You can then replant directly into the soil or in bigger containers containing a potting soil mixture + 1/3 compost + Perlite about 15-25%.
Water your Plumeria once a week and fertilize in the summer at least once a month.
You might also like this: Growing Thyme: Everything You Need to Know
Propagation Through Seeds
Don’t be fooled by the Plumeria’s exotic looks. These blooming shrubs are easy to germinate from seeds. However, it may take up to 3 years to start seeing blooms.
When you see seed pods splitting open on an existing plant, you can gather the papery-thin seeds.
Seeds can be planted in seed-starting trays or small containers with draining holes. Simply fill them with lightweight potting mix and water lightly. Next, lay a layer of seeds and cover them with a 1/8 layer of soil. Mist the top of the planting mix.
Germination can take 7 to 14 days. It’s best to keep your planted seeds in warm and sunny areas so place your container outdoors in a place that receives full sun. Seedlings can be transplanted to the ground after 3 or 4 true leaves have developed.
On an average, you can expect a seedling to reach 6 inches in height in about 8 weeks. A one-year-old seedling will stand about 1 foot tall. After 2 years’ growth, 2-3 feet tall, and 3-5 feet after 3 years’ growth.
After 3-5 years’ growth, the seedling could bloom and branch further until it becomes taller.
You can also find gardening products I use in my videos here <---
You can go to my storefront using this secure link <----
If you need seeds, this is the company I use <--- and if you use code: farmer1 at checkout, you'll get 10% off your order!