Today let’s talk about propagating plants from cuttings.
Have you ever wondered how you can quickly propagate plants from cuttings? It’s easier than you think! This complete guide discusses tips and techniques that will help you successfully grow plants from cuttings.
We’ll look at the different ways plants can be propagated and some of the benefits of growing your own plants. So let’s start learning how to transform cuttings into thriving new plants!
What Are Plant Cuttings
When propagating, there are a few different ways you can grow new plants from cuttings. But before we dive into it, let’s start with some background information on plant cuttings.
A plant cutting is simply a piece of a plant that is cut off and then used to grow a new plant. This can be done with most plants, but some are easier than others. The cutting you take will also determine how easy or difficult it is to grow a new plant.
There are three main types of plant cuttings:
Each has its own challenges and benefits, so choosing the right type for your particular plant is essential.
Growing Plants From Stem Cuttings
Stem cuttings are the most common type and can be taken from almost any plant. The key is choosing a healthy stem about 6 inches long.
You’ll also want to make sure there are at least two sets of leaves on the branch. Cut the stem at an angle below a leaf node (the point where the leaves meet the stem).
Root cuttings are usually best when taken from woody plants like shrubs and trees. They can be more a little more difficult to grow, but they’re often very successful.
The best time to take root cuttings is early spring before new growth starts.
Collecting and Preparing Cuttings: What You Need to Know
Whether you’re propagating:
taking cuttings is a cost-effective and reliable way to increase your plant collection. It may seem like a hard thing at first, but it’s pretty simple – once you know what you’re doing.
Today, we’ll walk you through everything you need to know about collecting and preparing cuttings for propagation, including which tools and materials to use, how to take the cuttings, how to root plant cuttings in water, and how to care for them after they’ve been taken.
Tools & Materials:
- Sharp pruning shears or knife
- Clean bucket or container
- Peat moss or perlite
- Rooting hormone (optional)
- Tape or rubber bands (optional)
- Misting bottle or sprayer (optional)
Step-by-Step Guide to Growing Plants from Cuttings
There are many reasons to grow plants from cuttings. You may want to propagate a favorite plant or clone a plant that did really well for you to avoid the cost and hassle of buying new plants.
Whatever your reasons, cuttings are an easy and fun way to get more plants, and with this step-by-step guide, you’ll be successful every time.
To take a cutting, use a clean, sharp knife or pruning shears to remove a 4-6 inch piece of stem from the parent plant. The cutting should include 2-3 leaves (or leaf nodes) and should be taken from new growth that still needs to flower.
Cut just below a leaf node, so the node is still attached to the cutting – this is where new roots will form.
Once you have your cutting, remove any lower leaves so that only the upper leaves remain. If necessary, trim the stem to be 4-6 inches long.
Rooting Plant Cuttings
Be sure to maintain high humidity around the cutting by placing it in a plastic bag or enclosed terrarium.
Within 2-3 weeks, you should see new growth appearing – at this point, you can remove it from the plastic bag or terrarium and allow it to acclimate.
Choose healthy, disease-free plants that are currently in active growth. Early morning when the plants are fully hydrated is the best time to get cuttings.
Avoid taking cuttings from stressed plants that are wilting or suffering from insect damage.
Best Times of the Year for Starting Plant Cuttings
Most plants thrive from cuttings, but some work better than others. To get the best results, it’s essential to consider the time of the year when you take cuttings.
For many plants, the best time to take cuttings is in late spring or early summer, when new growth is just getting underway.
This is because the new growth is usually more vigorous and has a higher success rate when it comes to taking root.
However, some plants actually do better if you take cuttings at other times of the year.
For example, deciduous trees and shrubs are often easier to propagate from winter cuttings as they enter a period of dormancy during this time.
You need to know the best time to take cuttings from your particular plant. This way, you can ensure you give your cutting the best chance of success.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with Plant Propagation
If you’re having trouble propagating your plants from cuttings, you can try a few things. First, use a sharp knife or pruning shears to take your cuttings.
A clean, sharp blade will give you the best chance of success.
Next, make sure the cutting you’re taking is from a healthy part of the plant. Avoid taking cuttings from parts of the plant that are wilted, yellowing, or otherwise sickly looking.
These parts of the plant are more likely to harbor diseases or pests that could harm your new plants.
If you’re still having trouble, there are a few other things to try:
- Check the roots of your cutting. If they look dry or brown, they may not have enough water. Try misting them with water and see if that helps.
- Make sure the potting mix you’re using is well-draining. Soil that is holding too much water can cause root rot, which will kill your cutting.
- Give your cutting some extra light. Plants need light to photosynthesize and create their own food. If your cutting isn’t getting enough light, it may need more energy to grow new roots.
Tips for Getting the Maximum Success Rate When Growing From Cuttings
- To ensure the highest success rate possible, keep a few key things in mind when growing plants from cuttings. First, choose healthy, disease-free mother plants that are actively growing. Cuttings should be taken from young, new growth as this will be the most likely to root successfully.
- Make sure each cutting is at least 2-3 inches long using sharp shears. Before planting the cutting in moistened potting soil or mix, discard any leaves from the bottom half of the cutting. Next, soak the cut end in rooting hormone powder or gel.
Caring For Plant Cuttings
Keep your cuttings warm and humid by placing them under a clear plastic dome or covering them with a plastic bag. Make sure to open the cover for a few hours daily to allow fresh air to circulate and prevent mold growth.
In 4-6 weeks, your cuttings ought to have rooted and be prepared for transplantation; just remember to keep the soil moist but not soaked!
Easy Plants To Grow From Cuttings
Let’s look at a list of easy plants to grow from cuttings that are perfect for beginner gardeners. We’ll look at how to propagate them, as well. These also show the process of how to root plant cuttings in water for healthy and thriving new plants.
- Basil: Simply take a 4-6 inch stem cutting and place it in water. Change the water every few days and roots will form in about a week. Once the roots are an inch long, plant the cutting in soil.
- Mint: Take a 4-6 inch stem cutting, remove the lower leaves. Place the cutting in water and change the water every few days. Roots will form in about a week. Once the roots are an inch long, plant the cutting in soil. Do keep in mind: Mint is invasive, so you want to keep it under control.
- Rosemary: Take a 4-6 inch stem cutting and remove the lower leaves. Dip the cut end in a rooting hormone and plant it in soil. Water well and keep moist. Roots will form in about 4 weeks. Rosemary grows slowly, once it takes hold it becomes quite large over time, so keep it in a container or find a spot with plenty of room if you don’t plan to keep it trimmed.
- Jade plant: Take a 3-4 inch leaf cutting and let it form a callous for a few days. Then, plant the cutting in a pot of succulent mix. Water the soil lightly and keep it moist. Roots start to form in a week. Jade plants are slow-growing succulents, so it may take a few months before you see any new growth.
- Snake plant: Take a 3-4 inch leaf cutting and let it form a callous for a few days. Then, plant the cutting in a pot of succulent mix. Water the soil lightly and keep it moist. Roots start to form in a week. Snake plants are slow-growing succulents, so it may take a few months before you see any new growth.
- Aloe vera: Take a 3-4 inch leaf cutting and let it form a callous for a few days. Then, plant the cutting in a pot of succulent mix. Water the soil lightly and keep it moist. Roots start to form in a week. Aloe vera is a slow-growing succulent, so it may take a few months before you see any new growth.
- Pothos: Take a 4-6 inch stem cutting and place it in water. Change the water every few days and roots will form in a week. Once the roots are an inch long, plant the cutting in soil.
- Philodendron: Take a 4-6 inch stem cutting and place it in water. Change the water every few days and roots will form in a week. Once the roots are an inch long, plant the cutting in soil.
- Spider plant: The best and most simple way to propagate spider plants is by taking the baby spiders that grow from the mother plant and make new plants with them. But, they can also be grown from stem cuttings. Take a 4-6 inch stem cutting and place it in water. Change the water every few days and roots will form in a week. Once the roots are an inch long, plant the cutting in soil.
Growing plants from cuttings can be a rewarding experience and an easy way to expand your garden. With the proper techniques and tips, you will have more luck when propagating new plants.
Recognizing the signs of success or failure is critical in deciding whether your propagation is succeeding. It may take some trial & error for beginners, but with practice comes confidence and results!